Article

IRS Warns of Employee Retention Credit (ERC) Scams

November 9, 2022

ERC Scams – What are They?

On October 19, 2022, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued Information Release (IR) 2022-183, warning employers “to be wary” of third-party consultants taking improper positions related to taxpayer eligibility to claim the Employee Retention Credit (ERC). Cherry Bekaert has noticed a significant amount of radio and television advertising by multiple providers of ERC-related services for which large contingent fees are charged.

Employee Retention Credit Background

To provide relief to small businesses, Congress enacted a regime to provide refundable employment tax credits based on wages paid March 13, 2020, through September 30, 2021, for Eligible Employers in the form of the ERC. Under the Employee Retention Credit regime, an employer is eligible is they have experienced at least one of the following:

  1. A partial suspension of operations due to COVID-19-specific government orders limiting commerce, travel or group meetings
  2. A significant decline in gross receipts

A significant decline in gross receipts under 2020 circumstances entails a decline of more than 50 percent when comparing quarterly gross receipts in 2020 to the same calendar quarter in 2019. Regarding the three ERCs available during the first three quarters of 2021, a taxpayer must have suffered more than a 20 percent decline in quarterly gross receipts, compared to the same calendar quarter of 2019. A partial suspension due to a government order is based on specific facts and circumstances that should be researched and documented.

Fraudulent Employee Retention Credit (ERC) Claims

By issuing IR 2022-183, the IRS reinstalls to taxpayers that they, and not the third-party consultant, are responsible for the filed claims. The IRS has made clear in its prior guidance that a government order does not include published recommendations or best practices. Thus, relying on Center of Disease Control (CDC) or Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regarding a safe workplace will not qualify a business for the credit, even though that guidance may increase costs.

Large employers can only claim the credit if payments are made to employees for “not providing services.” The IRS clearly stated that payments for not providing services do not include payments for vacation pay, sick leave or other paid time off. Cherry Bekaert has observed many third-party consultants ignoring this IRS guidance.

In addition, many third-party consultants do not inform taxpayers of the requirement to reduce deductions claimed for wage expenses by the amount of the ERCs (usually by filing an amended income tax return). By failing to advise taxpayers of this income adjustment, the credits appear more valuable than they are on a net basis.

Work with Cherry Bekaert to Avoid ERC Fraud

Cherry Bekaert has worked with more than 800 Eligible Employers to claim the ERC under the government order and gross receipts tests. While none of our clients have had their credits challenged by the IRS, we have seen an increase in IRS correspondence requesting additional documentation to support the claims. In the examinations with which we are familiar, we have observed requests for contemporaneous documentation including emails regarding layoffs or the inability to obtain supplies to maintain production levels.

How We Can Help

The Employee Retention Credit is a valuable benefit that should not be overlooked. Eligible Employers may claim the 2020 ERC until April 2024 and the 2021 ERC until April 2025. Our deliverables include:

  1. Amended Forms 941X
  2. Technical analyses of Eligible Employer status including:
    1. References to specific government orders causing a partial shut-down of operations
    2. Effects of shut-downs on a more than nominal portion of a business
    3. Government orders causing supply chain disruptions
    4. Gross Receipts data from 2019-2021
  3. Credit Calculations including:
    1. Wages paid during the appropriate period
    2. Employer-provided health care expenses
    3. Allocation of wages between Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loan forgiveness and the ERC

If you would like assistance to determine your organization’s ERC eligibility, please reach out to your Cherry Bekaert professional or the ERC team.

Contact Our ERC Experts

Related Resources